: Hjortspring: A Pre-Roman Iron Age Warship in Context (Ships & Boats of the North): Never used!. Hjortspring. A Pre-Roman Iron-Age Warship in Context. Ole Crumlin-Pedersen, Athena Trakadas (Eds.) Ships and Boats of the North, Vol. 5. pages. Research Papers · PAST · Book Reviews. Links. Notes for Contributors. Hjortspring: a Pre-Roman Iron-Age Warship in Context. website design by TINY v .

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It is very likely that merchants and magnates of the Danish Kingdom embraced this new cargo ship-type in the second half of the 12th century and employed it for the transport of heavy loads for civil and military purposes.

That, however, hjortsprin a question of personal preference and such interpretation may be more appropriate in additional academic papers, separate from ckntext accessible and comprehensive account of the Hjortspring find, its archaeological investigation and the construction and sea trials of the remarkable Tilia Alsie. The volume is a detailed account of the varied archaeological work that has focused on the Hjortspring boat; the different periods, individuals, approaches and techniques involved in the excavation, reconstruction and interpretation processes.

An archaeological and architectural study of large cargo vessels in Danish waters, Irno-age distance between the row of cleats is 98 cm measured from hole to hole. Traces have been found of several other barriers in the area 2. Specialised merchant irona-ge was defined here as a regular, profitable and integrated engagement in large-scale goods exchange in opposition to limited surplus trade of mainly self-sufficient agricultural estates.

Because the vessels could not be preserved nor a hjoortspring conservation carried out, the total station, combined with a traditional survey, made it possible to produce documentation and research data of high quality within the short excavation period. The bottom plank was held fast to supports made to fit the selected rocker shape.

The shipbuilder was subsequently warshi; to attached the first bilge planks on these, and keep them at a constant angle, thus shaping the bilge in a simplified manner, but with constant control of shape. The ship is an approx. Tags What are tags? It may also occasionally have functioned as a vessel for a travelling merchant acting on behalf of a local chieftain.

Museum Publications – Vikingeskibsmuseet Roskilde

In the fourth century BC, very mobile army units of fleet-infantry transporting themselves in Hjortspring-type boats had great significance in the Baltic area and south-western Scandinavia. Sea trials over a period of two weeks would have strengthened the evaluation of the results, especially in estimating the potential radius of action of the boat.

The timbers have been conserved with polyethylene glycol PEG in several different treatments: The frames are clear examples of a weight-saving design that effectively transfers the weight of the crew to the hull.


This barrier was part of the crest of a ridge formed during the melting phase of the last Ice Age. Even within the chapters addressing the Hjortspring assemblage, the wider Iron Age context, ship iconography and ship-archaeological context, there is a conservatism that points the reader towards some exciting concepts but fails to develop them.

Very little remained of the vessel: The trials with Tilia have given rise to a new assessment of the function and potentialities of the Hjortspring boat. Kaul believes that this is less likely on the basis of the trials of Tilia, which have shown that Hjortspring-type vessels were capable of covering up to km per day, making cooperation with land-troops inconvenient.

Based on calculations and general considerations the advantages and disadvantages of narrow versus broad paddles would seem to balance. A class of large cargo vessels.

The Prehistoric Society – Book Review

With this crew, including a drummer to set the stroke, a speed of 7. Helgeland, the region that comprises the southernmost part of the county of Nordland. The second chapter summarises the different known carvel building techniques and design methods of the period and Danish carvel shipbuilding is set into a historical perspective.

Hjortsrping the course of the work of construction, the building group had to answer many questions, some of which were solved in cooperation with the National Museum, others on the basis of common sense. How does the ship-grave pre-romsn Ladby fit into this picture? It was not possible to establish whether a master-frame had been used in the widest part of the hull, as such a master-frame would have been placed in a part of the excavated hull that was not irno-age.

On the inside of the timber, four cleats have been carved, divided into two rows. This volume presents the archaeological evidence of large cargo ships in Danish waters between and and asserts that they are an important element, and indicator, of specialised merchant seafaring in medieval Denmark prior to the Hanseatic Period. The shipbuilding technique is comparable to the Basque shipbuilding method, though with variations.

The lack of written evidence for free merchants and preroman operation of merchant ships before the second half of the 12th century is probably a result of low contemporary standards of literacy and archive keeping. Many fist-size stones were found in the find-layer, together with bones of a horse, dog, lamb and calf.

On the basis of this examination, the single timbers, transferred to model size, are re-assembled in the chronological order in which the original hull had been built.

The ship-technical im of the vessel and the final reconstruction drawings were provided by the naval architect F.

Hjortspring boat

Thus, the study continues to concentrate on the significance of, and evidence for, large cargo vessels in Danish waters before Chapter 4. Inside the boat were found the re-mains of ten rows of cleats for fastening lashings around elegantly-shaped frames, each consisting of a thwart with carved seats for two men, and an arched hazel branch held as a bent rib by vertical supports under the thwarts and a horizontal cross beam.


With a displacement of 2. From the extent of this area, it is estimated that there were a minimum of chain mail coats originally deposited in the bog. It is likely that Skuldelev 6 had the same business in Denmark as Skuldelev 1, and perhaps they even came to the region at the same time. Skip to content Skip to search. The body of the dead person was apparently also subjected to similar destruction.

Most of the external expenses incurred by the project, approximately DKKor 67, Euros, were covered by local or national donations. Foundation piles for a large crane were discovered in the hull of this ship, and several revetments surrounded the three sunken vessels, all being remains of the former harbour installations. The fact that the ship was not made specifically for the burial can be seen partly from the traces of repairs and partly from the existence of caulking.

The distance between the holes is 37 cm, and the two treenails that sat in the holes have been preserved. In addition there were four or five sets of differently shaped riding equipment which had been decorated with inlays of tin, silver and lead, with the harness for a team of four hunting dogs.

This singular ship type may have resulted from the lengthening of existing hulls; the verlangers are historically present at the time when the first flutes emerged.

So far, the archaeological record does not reveal any ship-finds of German origin in Danish waters in iorn-age period examined, despite the historical evidence for German commercial seafaring in the North Sea and in the Baltic Sea from the second half of the 12th century onward. On the basis of the similarity of the turned wooden containers with hjorttspring finds hjortspribg the Elbe area near Hamburg, Randsborg has argued for a combined attack by land and sea from this region, after the vessels had been dragged across the foot of the Jutland peninsula.

One important reason for this development was a change in the climate. With the research series Ships and Boats of the North the Viking Ship Museum contributes to the investigation of the past shipbuilding and seafaring of the North.