Islam: beliefs and institutions by Henri Lammens(Book) 44 editions published between and in English and held by WorldCat member libraries. “Islam: Beliefs and Institutions”, by Henri Lammens, (For some limited info: Publisher’s Notes): “This is a reprint of the late professor’s work on Jamal al-Din. Results 1 – 12 of 33 Fatima Et Les Filles de Mahomet; Notes Critiques Pour l’Étude de la Sira (French Edition). Aug 1, by Henri Lammens.
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In the following years, however, his budding activity in the study of Islamic history is eclipsed by other scholarly endeavours. During his final years of Jesuit training, Lammens exhibits an increasing scholarly activity. Meanwhile, he continues work on his study of the pre-Islamic Arabian Peninsula, which he started during his stay in Rome. Scientific publications Gatier P.
Indeed, he not only targets historical Islam. Just like in his study, he devotes a lot of attention to the role Christians in his opinion played in the Umayyad Caliphate. He now sees pre-Islamic Arab culture and religion as a key to a deeper understanding of Islam and its Prophet.
He thus reconnects with his earlier work on al-Akthal, a contemporary of both rulers. Because of the war both works only appear in the s.
These are already reflected in his work on the Umayyads, which he characterises as a Syrian dynasty. His virulent criticism of both historical and contemporary Islam regularly exposes Lammens— in any case known for his jovial but stubborn and quick-tempered character — to criticism and polemics. Inhe publishes a synthesis of the history and beliefs and institutions of Islam, one of his last major works.
Learning of German war crimes in Belgium, his writings show a clearup surge of Belgian nationalism. Inhe llammens a study on the seventh-century Umayyad poet Al-Akhtal, his first feat as an historian of Islam.
Throughout his career, he publishes polemical articles on the politico-religious situation of contemporary Islam, consistently praising Christian and Western influences on the Islamic world. Despite spending the majority of his career in the Middle East and strongly supporting French ambitions in the region he retains — certainly in his own eyes — an identity as a Belgian scholar.
Lammens spends as a pupil of the Jesuit College of Beirut and fulfils his noviciate in a convent north of Beirut during the next two years. In Lammens returns to the usj to teach history and becomes involved in supporting the French colonial project in Syria and Lebanon, which France acquires as mandate territories in By scorning the internal politics and spiritual qualities of indigenous Churches, he supports the Unionist campaign.
Lammens, Henri 1862-1937
Le chantre des Omiades, in Journal Asiatique9th series, 4,p. To him, Greater Syria present-day Syria, Lebanon, Palestine and Jordan is an authentic nation with a distinct territory and people.
To Lammens the Umayyads were able to build a strong empire because of their tolerance of and interactions with their Christian subjects. Struck by progressive paralysis, he dies in Beirut on 23 April Biographical Dictionary of Overseas Belgians.
In the early s his health definitively goes downhill. Printed Sources Becker C.
AroundLammens shifts his focus to the earliest period of Islamic history. Just fifteen years old, he leaves for Lebanon in Marchwhere he enters into the Societas Jesu on 23 July Many of them in any case share with Lammens a commitment to European imperialism and a belief in the superiority of Western civilization.
Between and Lammens, like many contemporary Orientalist scholars, undertakes numerous travels throughout Syria, Lebanon and Palestine. Following its resurrection inthis order was present in the region since These years see his first publications, mainly of a philological nature, the most prolific of which is a textbook for French students of Arabic His contemporary plan of writing a biography of the Prophet Muhammad, moreover, is boycotted by his clerical superiors because of his staunchly anti-Islamic reputation.
Now a full Jesuit Father, he moves back to Beirut, where he fulfils various administrative tasks in the College. Joseph21,p.
Henri Lammens – Wikipedia
During these years, Lammens acquires a profound knowledge of the Arabic language, which he subsequently goes on to teach at the Jesuit College between and Maintaining numerous correspondences, participating in international congresses and writing around eighty articles for the international Encyclopedia of Islam project, Lammens actively contributes to the formation of an international community for the study of Islam and Arabic.
After ending his teaching assignment he completes his Jesuit formation by studying theology in Beirut, Wales and Leuven and, finally, spending his last year of training in Vienna in In these studies, Lammens not only stresses the inherently political ehnri he sees Islam as having, a sentiment also expressed by other contemporary scholars.
In doing so, he is motivated by his ideas on a historical Syrian nation, which he started developing in the early s.
Inmoreover, after spending three years at the Jesuit College in Cairo, he is appointed to a professorship in Lam,ens at the papal Institutum Biblicum in Rome, where he works in an atmosphere of Catholic apologetics.