-Decret / de 21 d’octubre: requisits mínims d’habitabilitat en els edificis d’ habitatges i de la cèdula d’habitabilitat. – Normativa Urbanística metropolitana. Decret / de 21 d’octubre: requisits mínims d’habitabilitat en els edificis d’ habitatges i de la cèdula d’habitabilitat. – Normativa Urbanística metropolitana. Cèdula d’habitabilitat Certificat energètic

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Romanian Institute for Research on National Minorities. Skip to main content. In any case, some of these activities increased with the previous irregular situation and the previously mentioned moratorium influenced in a decisive way in the use of submerged and marginal occupations.

On the other hand, 10 out of 12 displacements were caused by police evictions with little or any intervention of social services, previously or in that moment and in most cases leaded to a new settlement in other of the neighbouring municipalities. Of the 8 different places in which they settled down for some days or during monthstwo were overcrowded flats and the rest were improvised camps or abandoned habitabliitat. La from media analysis to ethnographic fieldwork.

Escala (element constructiu) – Viquipèdia, l’enciclopèdia lliure

Both in the cases in which presence is not recognized due to the limitations and in those in which the settlement takes place in the public space, the concrete practice is usually not to make an effort for the rooting and the improvement of the life standards, but for not recognizing this population’s presence. First, it is important to point out that ethnicity is not a variable in Spanish official censuses, and therefore some data for instance the number of Romanian citizens registered in a certain territory do not allow estimations to be made.

I found some — few— Roma that worked in integrated jobs with different grades of regularization, in industry, warehouses, cleaning, construction and agriculture, just to mention the most important ones. To pose one example, statements as the one below where not so present in the events of The examples are diverse, and some refer work worker and activity regularizedsubmerged work activity regularized but not the worker marginal or excluded work worker and activity not regularized and illegal work forbidden activity.

Escala (element constructiu)

Moreover, the three examples above are also strongly influenced by the idea that there has been a clear evolution in the way this issue is constructed: In any case, neither the combination of these strategies of subsistence is the same in different moments, nor do they have the same grade of acceptance or social rejection.


Evidently, I do not understand the impact on tourism as the main or single factor here, but still I propose it has a key role as part of more general economic and urban management processes that categorises activities and populations.

Las pateras del asfalto: All of them have been equally present during fieldwork, but in this text I privileged the ones more present in the local context and with a clearer interrelation. Therefore, even if I have some knowledge about the situation in other areas and some of my conclusions may also be valid for them there might be some differences between my perception and what happens in other concrete contexts of Spain.

Essai sur le Racisme et ses Doubles. On the other hand, other groups performing marginal activities such as Senegalese street sellers do not share the same negative imaginaries in media or the majority population even if their activities are also penalized.

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And the situation is comparable. Ariel, Barcelona Van Dijk, Teun Abriendo surcos habitabliitat la tierra. There exists a reduced number of books Paniagua,that devotes one chapter to Romanian Roma migration in Spain as well as master thesis, doctoral thesis and research reports, the most relevant being Koen Peeterscentred in the Romanian Roma population in Barcelona and their access to education, Vincle that makes a first general approach to this 3 I refer in this section to publications or reports that refer to the Roma migrant population in the Spanish state in their entirety or in some territories.

In both cases the information used here represents a small part of a wider research whose main decrer are housing, subsistence strategies mainly marginal economical activities and the uses of urban public spaces habiitabilitat mobility both at 2 local and transnational levels.

Another factor that contributes to this invisibility is habktabilitat little specific research that has been 3 done in our context. This is particularly important, habutabilitat the latter regulation also specifies that substandard housing slums, huts, etc. On the other hand, this new political context has already had some management and legal effects regarding Roma decert, 29 Decdet patera is the name usually given to overcrowded flats.


La licencia completa se puede consultar en: Besides the limitations of space in this text, the main reason behind that decision is that their role in the construction of imaginaries about Roma migrants is, in my 15 opinion, less visible and articulatedwhen compared with other European contexts such as France: Finally, considering the political actions in other UE countries in the recent years Italy starting inand France in is also important, because it theoretically should have increased a lot the presence of Romanian Roma people in Spain.

The East European Gyspies. La peor casa en el peor barrio. The evictions and expulsions of Romanian Roma population were quite usual and particularly intense after the new Immigration Law The general approach by the authorities in Spain may not be so far from other western European countries, even if it is also necessary to distinguish between the diverse national and local responses and policies.

Kale Dor Kayiko Finally, I intend to offer some conclusions as well as some reflections about the possible decreg of these processes. Remember me on this computer. This 18 implies much smaller incomes, sometimes in the limit of subsistence. Usually based in something as simple as getting rid of the problems or ignore them, obviating that it is necessary to take determined steps for integration and basic rights, at European, national or local level.

As I will point out later, these figures also play a role in the political discourses about Roma dfcret.

The building is full of cockroaches since they came. In their own words: Contreras, Ana, et al. I believe the three examples I just presented show this interrelation to some extent: As in many other groups heterogeneity is a dominant characteristic: Roma migrants; marginal jobs; public spaces; mobility.

What is important to highlight is that the absence of empadronamiento, combined with police pressure and effective lack of intervention by social services, also contributes to a more unstable settlement and to the increase of this type of forced urban mobility.