BIGUANIDAS FARMACOLOGIA PDF

farmacología básica introducción. concepto, evolución histórica, subdivisión de la farmacología concepto la farmacología es aquella ciencia que trata de los. T.4 Farmacologia. Course: Farmacologia ().p2hv{}.p2hv. stopoverlappingourstyleplease{position:absolute;top:0;left:0;bottom:0;width: px;padding Antibacterianos/farmacologia Bandagens Biguanidas/farmacologia Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem.

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Prevalence of diabetes, impaired fasting glucose, and impaired glucose tolerance in U. It is generally given one to three times daily; therapy is initiated at a low dose, which is gradually raised. N Engl J Med.

Farmacologia en la tercera edad by on Prezi

The sulfonylureas may be given once or twice daily, while repaglinide, the only agent in the meglitinides group available in the United States, is given three times daily. Dressings soaked in polyhexamethylene biguanide PHMB ].

Rev Enferm ; 29 6: Mechanisms of Action The six classes of therapeutic agents used in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus may be farmaco,ogia into three groups by their basic mechanism of action.

Recently the use of a dressing soaked in a 0. Thin individuals with or without altered glucose tolerance have normal basal insulin levels, while obese persons have elevated basal insulin levels regardless of glucose tolerance status.

Bell P, Hadden D. The main risk associated with the use of metformin is the potential for lactic acidosis, which is increased in patients with renal impairment or hepatic disease and cardiac or respiratory insufficiency. Efficacy of metformin in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Standards of medical care for patients with diabetes mellitus. Prevalence rates rose with age, with a plateau after age 75 years. During treatment with the insulin secretagogues, a reduction of glycosylated hemoglobin HbA1c by approximately 1.

Its wide anti-micro-bacterial range prevents infections in surgical, acute or chronic wounds and in any type of intra-corporal access susceptible to infection, such as by means of intravascular catheters, tracheotomies, or thoracic tubes.

Minor gastrointestinal side effects, such as diarrhea and nausea, may be alleviated by lowering the dose. Weight gain is the most notable side effect; allergy occurs rarely.

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Basic Characteristics biguannidas the Sulfonylureas and the Meglitinides The insulin secretagogues, which include the sulfonylureas and the meglitinides, lower plasma glucose by augmenting insulin secretion by the pancreatic b-cells.

On the one hand, this PHMB soaked dressing inhibits bacterial growth in the areas where it is applied and, on the other hand, it prevents the penetration of microorganisms through the dressing itself. It reduces the plasma level blguanidas glycosylated hemoglobin HbA1c by 1. Registro Esqueceu sua senha? The significance of basal insulin levels in the evaluation of the insulin response to glucose in diabetic and nondiabetic subjects.

Adaptado do site famacologia Sociedade Brasileira de Diabetes 2.

A PHMB dressing can also be used as a primary covering to treat a chronic wound since it does not interfere in the process of tissue reepithelization. When an oral glucose tolerance test OGTT is performed, the 2-hour plasma glucose PG test is used to make the diagnosis. However, obese individuals with type 2 diabetes have higher post-glucose insulin levels than do thin individuals with normal glucose tolerance, thus demonstrating the persistence of the biguanjdas of obesity on insulin secretion.

Two major forms of diabetes are recognized in the most recent classification scheme, which was developed by The Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus, an international group, and has been adopted by both the American Diabetes Association and the World Health Organization. After a glucose challenge, both thin and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes demonstrate reduced early insulin responses when compared with their respective control groups.

Any method may be used for the repeat test. American Diabetes Association; Sobre projeto SlidePlayer Termos de uso. Plasma lipid values are based on those recommended by the American Diabetes Association and the National Cholesterol Education Program. Simultaneously while a PHMB soaked dressing carries out these actions, it creates an environment favorable to the proliferation of the normal flora found in the epidermis.

To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. Slama et al, Biguaanidasp Medical Management of Type 2 Diabetes. The highest prevalence rates Basic Characteristics of Metformin Metformin, the sole available representative of the biguanide class in the United States, bigusnidas hepatic glucose production.

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Insulin levels in the fasting state are dependent upon the degree of obesity. Gestational diabetes mellitus is a fourth type in this new classification system. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policyincluding cookie policy. Three Methods The most recent diagnostic farmacilogia for diabetes specify that the diagnosis may be made via one of three methods: The cutoff points for the intermediate stage of hyperglycemia denoted by the terms impaired fasting glucose IFG and impaired glucose tolerance IGT have been adjusted to conform to the new diagnostic criteria for diabetes mellitus.

These agents are thus effective only if functioning pancreatic b-cells are present. As opposed to porous gauze dressings, a PHMB dressing remains active during 72 hours even in wet environs. Traditionally gauze dressings have been used to cover and protect wounds although their porous structure does not constitute an efficient barrier against bacterial penetration, especially when a dressing becomes wet due to the effects of a wound oozing and draining.

To confirm the diagnosis, repeat testing on a subsequent day is required. Summary of the second report of the NCEP expert panel on the detection, evaluation, farkacologia treatment of high blood cholesterol. Effects of Obesity and Diabetes Following a glucose challenge after overnight fasting, plasma insulin levels are dependent upon obesity as well as diabetes.

DIABETES MELLITUS Farmacologia Nutrição

farmacolovia This agent works only in the presence of insulin, which may be of endogenous or exogenous origin. Plasma Glucose Cutoff Points The most recent criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes include new plasma glucose cutoff points. Type 2 diabetes includes those cases that result from insulin resistance accompanied by a defect in insulin secretion.

Data from American Diabetes Association.