A shrub or forest understorey tree to 6 m high, from N and S Nigeria and W Cameroons; also widespread in central, eastern and southern tropical Africa. Alchornea laxiflora leaf extract was tested against a range of microorganisms using standard microbiological methods for antimicrobial. Media in category “Alchornea laxiflora”. This category contains only the following file. Alchornea laxiflora, gepersde blare,
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On the other hand, the MBC observed against the test bacterial isolates was between 1. The laziflora phytochemical screening of the extract revealed the presence of alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, saponins, and reducing sugars as major phytoconstituents in the extract.
The antimicrobial effects of the leaf extract of A. Among the Yorubas of Southwestern Nigeria, A. Male inflorescence an axillary spike or raceme up to 12 cm long, developing on older twigs just before new leaf flush, bracts ovate, 1.
There are 2 Wikipedia citations related to Alchornea laxiflora Benth. The results obtained from their investigation indicate the presence of potent natural antioxidant which may be relevant in preservation of lipid food products. Alchirnea leaf extract has been reported to contain alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, carbohydrates, cardioactive glycosides steroids, phenols, and reducing sugars as phytochemicals resident in the plant.
These compounds showed significant antimicrobial activity against several gram-positive and laxiflorw bacteria and fungi. There are 6 citations in Afrirefs related to Alchornea laxiflora Benth. The medium was poured into sterile Petri dishes and allowed to set. Introduction Medicinal plants have been in existence since creation and these plants synthesize a wide variety of phytochemicals which include alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, steroids, saponins, and phenols, which are all useful sources of medicine [ 1 ].
Volume 9, part 4. The plant is monoecious having its male and female inflorescences on separate branches. Alchornea laxiflora occurs in evergreen forest and associated bushland, in riverine thickets, from sea-level up to m altitude.
The dry surface of the media was later streaked with standardized hour-old bacteria culture while 0. Other pathogenic bacteria found to be inhibited by this extract include E. Determination of Antibiograms of A. Our investigations on A. The extract inhibited the growth of all the bacterial and 15 fungal isolates tested.
All the above mentioned dermatophytes have been implicated as causative agents of infections ranging from tinea capitis to ringworm, most especially among African children [ 17 ]. Citation in scholarly articles. Alchorne the ethyl acetate soluble fraction of the crude methanolic leaf extract the flavonoids quercetin and the quercetin-related compounds rutin and quercitrin were isolated. Showing 0 of 0 comments.
Medicinal plants of East Africa. Flavonoid one of the phytochemicals resident in A. The antioxidant activities of the leaves are interesting as well, and more research is needed to elucidate the effectiveness under different conditions.
Preliminary phytochemical screening revealed the presence of alkaloids, cardiac glycosides, saponins and phenolic compounds in the roots, and in lower amounts, in the leaves. Medicinal plants have been in existence since creation and these plants synthesize a wide variety of phytochemicals which include alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, steroids, saponins, and phenols, which are all useful sources of medicine [ 1 ].
The extract exhibited antibacterial and antifungal properties as shown in Tables 1 and 2. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The use of this plant for such cases can be attributed to the presence of flavonoids in their leaves. Click on “show more” to view them. As far as we know, up to this point, Alchornea laxiflora leaf extract is a potent source of antibacterial and antifungal compound and compared favourably with the positive controls streptomycin-antibacterial and Nystatin-antifungal used in this study.
View at Google Scholar E.
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Alchornea laxiflora has interesting antibacterial and pain-suppressing activities, which merit further research. Alchornea laxiflora Syntype of Alchornea schlechteri Pax Laxiflroa 2, Families E—I. It is also a common ingredient in herbal antimalarial preparations. The MIC was taken as the lowest concentration that will prevent the growth of the test organisms.
In Tanzania the ground leaves are taken in water to treat hernia. Other authors, Oloyede et al.
Alchornea – Wikipedia
The dried leaves were milled into a fine powder and later stored in an air-tight bag until use. Antioxidant properties of extracts from Alchornea laxiflora Benth Pax and Hoffman. View at Google Scholar G.
The antibiograms of the extract along with those of the antifungal and antibiotic were determined using agar-well diffusion methods by [ 1213 laxifflora with little modification. Also inhibited by the extract is Staph. The World Health Organization considers phytotherapy in its health programmes and continues to encourage the integration of herbal cure with the orthodox medicine. Bioactive chemical constituents from Alchornea laxiflora Benth.